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military helicopters • gunships • army attack helicopters
military helicopters

MI-28A/N Havoc Attack Helicopter

Seen by many as the Russian answer to the Apache, the MI-28 Havoc attack helicopter is a sophisticated tank-killer.

mi-28n havoc gunship
MI-28N Havoc - note the radar pod mounted above the main rotors.

The MI-28 'Havoc' has had a long and difficult development history, beginning in the early 80s when it competed, and lost, to the KA-50 in Soviet procurement trials. The design lived on into the mid 90s in the form of the Mi-28N, a more sophisticated variant, kitted out with advanced sensors (notably a radar / flir pod mounted above the main rotor) and fire control systems. The MI-28N is now in active service within the Russian military and is available for export.

The Havoc can carry a range of weapons into battle. A 30mm 2A42 cannon is mounted beneath the nose and can pivot through 200 degrees. The MI-28's stub wings include counter measure pods stuffed with infra-red and electronic jammers, flare/chaff launchers and contain hardpoints for a variety of air-to-surface ordinance. Typical loudout includes unguided folding-fin rockets of various calibers in underslung pods and Shturm radio-guided and/or Ataka radar-guided anti-tank missiles. As with most modern gunships, crew survivability is paramount and the Havoc 's cockpits are heavily armored.

havoc rockets and missiles
A range of ordinance can be carried by the MI-28 including rocket pods and AT-missiles. The Havoc is designed to be multi-role and a full compliment of air-to-air missiles can be carried in the escort role.
30mm cannon
The MI-28's NPPU-28 30mm cannon uses the same ammunition as Russian armored units.The Havoc's gun has been designed to be dual role - it is equally effective at engaging ground and air targets.
  • shock-absorbing landing gear for increased crash survivability
  • special armored compartment at rear for carrying 2 personnel - either downed air crew or special forces
  • 360 degree millimetre-wave radar dome atop main rotor mast
  • emergency bail-out system alows crew to escape from a damaged Havoc in-flight.

The Mi-28N's fire control system includes a helmet-mounted target designator which is slaved to pilot's line of sight. Sensors include narrow/wide field-of-view optical and video. A microwave radar fitted in a pod over the rotor can detect, target and anti-tank guide missiles. Other sensors include a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) system.

MI-28N Havoc Attack Helicopter Specifications

mi-28 laser designator
The Havoc's laser designator is housed beneath the helciopter's nose. The improved MI-28N has additonal radar/flir/low-light video sensors in a mast-mounted dome above the rotors.
Crew 2 - With Pilot seated above and behind Gunner
Engines 2× Klimov TV3-117VMA 1,950 horsepower
Dimensions L - 17.01 m
W (rotor span) - 17.20 m
H - 3.82 m
Weights 5,910 kg (empty)
11500 kg (max takeoff)
Max Speed 324 kph
Range 460 km
Armament 30 mm NPPU-28 (300 rounds)
80mm/130mm unguided rockets
up to 16 AT-6 anti-tank missiles
various cannon/machine gun pods
AA-11/ SA-16 air-to-air missiles
Avionics FLIR
Microwave Radar
Narrow-field Video
Laser Designator
Infra-red jammers
Radar warning receivers
Laser warning receivers

MI-28 Havoc
MI-28A Havoc - This photo dates from 1989.
mi-28 havoc video :
mi-28 showcase

Mi-28 photo gallery @ MI Helicopters Manufacturer's Website
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